A practical path to installing Liberty and z/OS Connect servers – 5 enable logon security

Introduction

I’ll cover the instructions to install z/OS Connect, but the instructions are similar for other products. The steps are to create the minimum server configuration and gradually add more function to it.

The steps below guide you through

  1. Overview
  2. planning to help you decide what you need to create, and what options you have to choose
  3. initial customisation and creating a server,  creating defaults and creating function specific configuration files,  for example a file for SAF
  4. starting the server
  5. enable logon security and add SAF definitions
  6. add keystores for TLS, and client authentication
  7. adding an API and service application
  8. protecting the API and service applications
  9. collecting monitoring data including SMF
  10. use the MQ sample
  11. using WLM to classify a service

With each step there are instructions on how to check the work has been successful.

Enable logon security

To enable security checking you need  to use the zosconnect_zosConnectManager tag.

See here for information, and here for the tag  syntax.

<zosconnect_zosConnectManager 
     requireAuth="true"  
     requireSecure="true" 
     setUTF8ResponseEncoding="true"/>

add to the zosconnect.xml or server.xml file.

You cannot do much with this enabled as you need TLS

Add in the SAF repository to use z/OS security services.

Within the server directory create a file called saf.xml. (I always used ISPF 3.17, and use cc…cc create.. to create a new file.

<server> 
                                                                                
  <featureManager> 
     <feature>transportSecurity-1.0</feature>   
     <feature>zosSecurity-1.0</feature> 
     <feature>appSecurity-2.0</feature> 
  </featureManager> 
  <authentication id="Basic" cacheEnabled="false" /> 
  <safAuthorization id="saf-authorization"  racRouteLog="ASIS" />                                                                                 

  <safRegistry id="saf" realm="myrealm"/> 
  <safCredentials profilePrefix="ZZZZDFLT" 
     suppressAuthFailureMessages="false" 
     unauthenticatedUser="WSGUEST"/> 
</server>

Where you need to specify the profile prefix (for example ZZZBFLT), and define the security profile.

I do not think the realm is used for SAF processing.

If you are planning on using a new profilePrefix  (YYYYDFLT) you will need to create several profiles.

RDEFINE APPL YYYYDFLT  UACC(NONE) 
PERMIT YYYYDFLT  CLASS(APPL) ACCESS(READ) ID(group1,group2)
SETROPTS raclist(APPL) refresh

RDEFINE server BBG.SECPFX.YYYYDFLT uacc(NONE)
permit  BBG.SECPFX.YYYYDFLT class(server) access(read) id(start1)
setropts raclist(server) refresh

rdefine ejbrole YYYYDFLT.zos.connect.access.roles.zosConnectAccess 
   uacc(none)
permit YYYYDFLT.zos.connect.access.roles.zosConnectAccess  
   class(ejbrole) 
   id(Adcdc) access(READ)
permit YYYYDFLT.zos.connect.access.roles.zosConnectAccess  
    class(ejbrole) 
    id(group1,group2) access(READ)
setropts raclist(ejbrole) refresh

These profiles are only accessed once someone tries to use the server – not at startup, so try logging on using the https port.

Every one using the server needs read access to YYYYDFLT CLASS(APPL).

As an interim step towards getting your server up and secure, enable userid and password authentication.

<webAppSecurity overrideHttpAuthMethod="BASIC"/> 
<webAppSecurity allowFailOverToBasicAuth="true"/> 

overrideHttpAuthMethod=”BASIC” says used userid and password – and not client certificates.

allowFailOverToBasicAuth=”true” says if the client certificate logon fails – fail over to basic, userid and password.

Once you have configured the server, you can remove the overrideHttpAuthMethod tag, so client certificates are used.  Once these are working remove the allowFailOverToBasicAuth, to remove the userid and password option.  With these both removed, people will have to use client certificates to authenticate.

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